"Giving your puppy as a gift
is the worst thing to do with the
Unless you plan to create a new breed
( which needs years of persuasion
and through knowledge of genetics
and breeding), maintaining the purity
in breeds of dog is of prime importance
for dog breeding. Breeding your dog
with different breed or with the one
having poor progeny records may reduce
the value and demand of your pups.
While picking the puppy for breeding
and while picking up the mating partner,
confirm breeds standards and progeny
It's time to breed your dog:
It is advisable to let the first heat
of bitch go and mate her at the second
heat. Normally one should start searching
for a male immediately after the first
heat. Male should be preferably an
year old or more. Before taking the
decision of breeding your bitch, following
points should be considered about
the dam of bitch and male dog.
Did dam whelp easily and normally
Did she foster her puppies properly
Were there any hereditary defects
or breed defects found in any of the
parents or littermates.
When you plan to breed your bitch,
start for following preparations:
1. See that your bitch is registered.
2. If the bitch is over weight, slim
her down and give her plenty of exercise
to bring her into good muscular condition
to make whelping easier.
3. Skin disease or chronic diseases
if any should be cured well in advance.
Pregnancy and whelping worsens the
condition and chances of puppies picking
up the disease are strong.
4. Vaccinations should be completed
and bitch should be dewormed before
the expected oestrus period.
5. Start calcium and vitamin A, B,
D, & E supplementation before
and after mating is advisable
6. Consult your veterinarian for general
checkup and to your breeder for a
Bitch in heat:
She reveals heightened sensitivity
or irritability or high spirits
Vulva enlarges and softens.
Vaginal capillaries gets enlarged,
finally rupture and bloodstained discharge
occurs through vulva.
Watch the bitch closely as you see
the vulva enlarging. Observing the
first day of bleeding is critical.
Checking the vulva regularly with
cotton or white tissue is recommended
since few bitches may tend to clean
the vulva before anybody could observe.
Keep the stud - dog ready and as you
observe the first symptom of estrus,
keep the appointment for 11th, 12th
and 13th day. Two mating at 36 to
48 hours apart is advisable for successful
To keep away from the nuisance of
stray dogs spray perfume in vulva.
This may suppress the 'smell' to a
Ideal mating period is 11th to 13th
day from first day of blood discharge.
However since variation may occur
or one may fail to observe the first
sign, ideal period is considered as
the one when the bitch 'accepts' the
stud - dog - Acquaintance with the
stud - dog however plays an important
role in this. Sometimes bitch may
refuse an unknown stud - dog inspite
of the appropriate mating period.
It is advisable for the bitch to
visit the dog as male is less inhibited
in his behavior on his own territory.
Allow the bitch to empty her bladder
before she reaches stud - dog's place.
This will reduce the chances of gathering
the nuisance of stray dogs.
The practice of tying the bitch's
mouth immediately after arriving and
forcing her to mate with stud - dog
by artificially stimulating him is
not only cruel but might also be futile.
Let the bitch and stud - dog get acquainted
and run together, perform their natural
sequence of mating, play and mate
in the due course of time.
Although dogs perform best outdoors,
if not possible those may be left
alone in a room or confined place.
The bitch that is not ready to mate
will give those signs to the stud
dog and the male may not approach
the bitch. Both should not be forced
at this point. Breeding forcefully
may be futile.
Once the male mounts the bitch, owners
may have to guide the dog and to steady
the bitch so that she cannot move
away. Tying her muzzle lightly may
help to avoid the possible harm she
may cause to the stud or the owners
at this stage since she is emotionally
keyed up. Support the bitch under
her abdomen to help her to bear the
Don't disturb the animals during coital
tie unless it is prolonged for more
than an hour. It is a part of normal
Possible houses that can buy the newborns
within 6 to 8 weeks of age.
A spacious, airy and peaceful whelping
Space where puppies can move around
after 4 - 5 weeks of age.